1. Encrypted law enforcement and supervision of enterprises with strong complaints from the masses and high frequency of violations of laws and regulations. In the short and long term, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment issued "Opinions on Further Deepening Eco-environmental Supervision Services to Promote High-quality Economic Development" (hereinafter referred to as "Opinions"), which put forward new normative requirements for environmental law enforcement, and issued a series of new measures.
The Opinions require that a directory of comprehensive administrative law enforcement matters for ecological environment protection be issued to further standardize administrative inspections, administrative penalties and administrative compulsory acts. At the same time, according to the degree of environmental impact, the proportion of "double random" spot checks should be set reasonably, and the situation and results of spot checks should be made public in time.
The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has proposed that by the end of 2020, ecological and environmental departments at all levels should normalize the supervision of "double random and one open", and comprehensively promote the publicity system of administrative law enforcement, the record system of the whole process of law enforcement and the legal review system of major law enforcement decisions. Relying on on-line monitoring, satellite remote sensing, UAV, mobile law enforcement and other scientific and technological means, optimize off-site inspection methods, establish and improve risk early warning model, implement hot grid early warning mechanism, improve the accuracy of supervision and law enforcement.
Second, it is worth noting that the Opinion calls for a sound law enforcement mechanism of Combining Leniency with strictness. The Ministry of Ecology and Environment will issue opinions on how to guide enterprises to abide by the law, so that law-abiding enterprises can gain competitive advantage in the market and pay a high price for illegal enterprises. "Regular assessment and publication of the list of"benchmarking enterprises"for ecological environment compliance, reduce the frequency of supervision to enterprises with good record of compliance, and do nothing to disturb law-abiding people." "Opinions" said that enterprises with strong complaints from the masses and high frequency of violations of laws and regulations encrypted the frequency of law enforcement and supervision; jointly with public security organs to supervise and handle serious cases; promote the link between ecological environment administrative law enforcement and criminal justice, and severely crack down on environmental crimes according to law. Integrate environmental credit information into the national credit information sharing platform, and implement joint punishment for environmental dishonest enterprises and natural persons.
According to the requirements of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, the departments of ecology and environment at the municipal, county and district levels should fix at least one day a month as a "reception day for service enterprises" to solve the reasonable demands and difficulties of enterprises face to face. Establish the system of "good and bad evaluation" of government service. Establishment of retrospective and accountability mechanism for government dishonesty.
The Opinion stresses that preferential policies such as environmental protection tax, enterprise income tax on special equipment for environmental protection, enterprise income tax on third-party treatment, sewage waste and sludge treatment and value-added tax return of recycled aquatic products should be actively promoted. We will promote the improvement of green development pricing mechanisms, such as sewage treatment fees, solid waste treatment fees, water and electricity prices for water conservation and environmental protection, and implement differentiated electricity pricing policies for iron and steel industries.
3. For environmental supervision in the field of people's livelihood, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment requires that the existing heating facilities and equipment of the masses should not be dismantled before the transformation is fully in place and the implementation of air and power supply. Strengthen the daily supervision and management of catering, washing and dyeing, repairing and other domestic service industries and livestock and poultry breeding industries. If environmental pollution is prominent and the masses strongly reflect on it, it shall be investigated and dealt with according to law to avoid "sudden" rectification or closure.
The "opinions" put forward a comprehensive plan to standardize the supervision of the ecological environment inspectors, and strictly prohibit the simple and crude measures such as emergency shutdown, stoppage and shut-down and so on. The rectification of relevant ecological environment problems must be carried out in accordance with the law. We must adhere to the law, pay attention to overall planning, and establish a long-term mechanism. We can not solve the problem immediately according to the priorities and the difficulty of solving problems. We can not solve the problems of rectification, clarify the objectives, measures, time limits and responsibility lists, and urge the responsible parties to carry out the implementation. Implementing overall planning, standardizing and strengthening the implementation plan of supervision work, without increasing local burdens and interfering with local daily supervision and inspection. We will improve the standards for problem auditing and the Handbook for law enforcement, further standardize the discretion to apply environmental administrative penalties, and prevent the shutdown of production in the whole region or industry without distinction because of an enterprise's illegal activities or a certain kind of ecological environment problems.
The Ministry of Ecology and Environment has proposed that we should attach importance to and solve the reasonable demands of enterprises for environmental supervision, resolutely avoid simple and crude disposal methods, resolutely put an end to formalism and bureaucracy, such as inaction in peacetime, "one size fits all" in emergencies, and confusion in supervision and law enforcement assessment. Establishing a system of supervision, inspection and notification to solve practical problems of concern to a number of enterprises and the masses